The Amistad Research Center is the
nation's oldest, largest and most
comprehensive independent archive
specializing in the history of African
Americans and other Ethnic Minorities.
United Church of Christ Subject Guide

Preface | Insitutional and Organizatonal Records | AMA Officers | UCBHM Officers | AMA Missionaries and Teachers | UCBHM Race Relations Staff | Ministers | AMA School Alumni | Local Church Officers and Lay Members | Collections | Theses and Dissertations | BooksPeriodicals | Articles and Speeches


WILLIAM H. ARMSTRONG. PAPERS, 1987 and n.d. 2 items
The items are typescripts, one for a book edited by Armstrong, Getry's Papa's Civil War (containing letters written to Mary Gertrude Smith, daughter of A.M.A. missionary Edward Parmalee Smith, whose papers the Center also holds), and one for Armstrong's unpublished biography of Edward Parmalee Smith.

ROBERT JAMES EADDY. PAPERS, 1995 and n.d. 1 folder
Robert James Eaddy pastors Beecher Memorial Congregational UCC. He was born in Donora, Pennsylvania, and moved with his family to Norwalk, Connecticut, at the age of 11. He has earned a B.A. Degree in Sociology at Livingston College in North Carolina and a Master of Divinity degree from Howard University. Prior to coming to Beecher, he served churches in St. Louis, Portland and Washington, D.C. The collection includes installation service programs, and two articles written by Rev. Eaddy: "A Synopsis of the Life and Ministry of Rev. Dr. J. Taylor Stanley (n.d.) and "Matthew's Flight of Egypt: A Paradigm for African-American Families" (1995).

DUNN-LANDRY FAMILY. PAPERS, 1872-1981. 4.4 linear feet and 1 OS item
The papers center around three persons: Pierre Landry (1841-1921), Henderson Hollowell Dunn (1872- 1955), and Lillian Landry Dunn (1888-1983) Landry was a major figure in Louisiana politics. His daughter Lillian married H. H. Dunn, a prominant Congregational minister, in 1910. The Reverend Dunn was born in Thibodaux, Louisiana, and received both his Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Divinity degrees from Straight University. From 1900 to 1906, he served as pastor of Howard Chapel (Congregational) in New Orleans. He pastored the New Orleans Central Congregational Church from 1906-1921. Under his leadership, Central developed from a mission to a self-supporting church with the first day care center for Blacks in he city. In 1921, Dunn became superintendent of Congregational churches in Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oklahoma, and Texas. In 1928, he began a teaching career in the local public school, ultimately becoming the founder of the Colored Educational Alliance, which secured the construction or conversion of more that a dozen schools for Black children. Lillian Landry Dunn was born in Donaldsonville, Louisiana, and graduated from Gilbert Academy and Wiley College. She taught at Wiley from 1907 to 1909. She served for fifty years as treasurer of the B-Sharp Music Club, a major cultural organization among Black New Orleanians. Mrs. Dunn also was treasurer of the Plymouth Congregational Christian Conference of the Southwest. The papers include correspondence, biographical data, financial records, minute books, photographs, scrapbooks, press clippings, and other collected items. In addition to information about the three principals, the papers also include information about the activities to the five daughters of Henderson and Lillian Dunn.

SAMUEL RALPH HARLOW, 1885-1972. PAPERS, 1862-1970. 7.6 linear feet and 1 OS box
The Reverend S. Ralph Harlow graduated from Harvard University in 1908, and then went to New York City, where he lived for a year in the Neighborhood House of Spring Street Presbyterian Church. There he met his future wife, Marrion Stafford. In 1912, the Harlows sailed for Turkey as missionaries of the American Board of the Y.M.C.A. he returned to Turkey, only to leave in 1922, when his pro-Greek and Armenian stance during the Greco Turkish War put him in disfavor with some officials of the American Board. From 1923 to 1953 he taught religion and social action at Smith College, Northhampton, Massachusetts. He also taught at Fisk University (1955). He wrote the words to the hymn "O Young and Fearless Prophet," which is said to be the most popular Protestant religious lyric to have been written in the twentieth century; ran for U.S. Congress as a Socialist Pary candidate; lectured in the South during the Depression on race relations; sat for many years on the board of the NAACP; was a leading Christian proponent of Zionism; and, in 1961, wrote a best selling book on spiritualism and Christianity called A Life After Death. His papers consist primarily of correspondence, diaries, poems, prayers, sermons, manuscripts for his books, other writings, collected items, and scrapbooks, including one (1893-1899) of press clippings about the Spanish-American War. It is pasted over a letter book (1862-1864) of his maternal grandfather, Roland Greene Usher, from the time when the latter was a Union army paymaster to Black troops in the Civil War.

ROLAND TILLMAN HEACOCK, 1893-1972. PAPERS, 1894-1973 and n. d. 2.8 linear feet
The Reverend Roland T. Heacock was born in New Milford, Connecticut, and died at Staffordville, Connecticut. He was educated at Howard University, Yale Divinity School, and Boston University. He married Lucile Vivian La Cour, whose mother and father had served as missionary teachers for the American Missionary Association in North Carolina. After pastoring predominately Black Congregational churches in Brockton and Springfield, Massachusetts, and in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, he became pastor of all white Connecticut Congregational churches at Stafford Springs (1948-1949) and Saffordville (1950-1958). The Reverend Heacock served with the 92nd Division in World War II. He was a poet, prolific writer of both fiction and essays, and an outstanding speaker. He was totally committed to the battle for civil rights and became much involved in the movement in the 1960s. His papers include correspondence, biographical data, church bulletins, sermons, speeches, writing, and collected items.

NORMAN A. HOLMES. PAPERS, 1927-1966. 0.8 linear feet
A former minister of Central Congregational United Church of Christ in New Orleans and a member of the faculty of Dillard University, the Reverend Holmes was honored by the community at large when he retired in 1968. The photograph album and scrapbook of letters received on this occasion are the major items in the collection.

JAMES HARGETT. PAPERS, ca. 1994-1995. 0.4 linear feet
The Reverend Dr. James Hargett was born in Greensboro, North Carolina, the son of a Congregational minister. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Johnson C. Smith University, a Master of Arts degree from Yale University Divinity School, and Colgate-Rochester Divinity School where his Doctorate of Divinity degree involved studies in Ghana, Nigeria, Jamaica, Haiti, and the Sea Islands of South Carolina; James Hargett has held pastorates at Christian Fellowship Congregational U.C.C., San Diego, Christian Fellowship. U.C.C., Los Angeles (1958-1969), and Congregational Church of Park and Manor, Chicago, Illinois (1977-1986). He was Secretary for Black Ministries, Council for Church and Ministry U.C.C., New York, (1969-1974); was Associate Minister of a predominately Japanese American multi-racial multi-ethnic church of the Crossroads, Honolulu, Hawaii (1955-58); and Associate Minister of predominantly German American Livingston Avenue, U.C.C. (1974-1977). He has served on the Stewardship Council of the U.C.C.; Executive Council of the Ministries for Racial and Social Justice, U.C.C.; Trustee Emeritus of John C. Smith University; Director of the Evangelical Health Systems, Friends of the Chicago Public Library; and is a founding member of One Church, One Child.

Dr. Hargett is married to Dr. Louilyn Funderburk Hargett. The collection documents the 1993 Mission I trip to southern Africa, the 1994 Mission II 14-day Pilgrimage to Virginia, and the A.M.A. college tour. It includes study materials, collected items on Africa, Emancipation Proclamation Services, and the Celebration Reverence for the Ancestors, Honoring Mary Peake. Itineraries and photographs of the groups visit to the Amistad Research Center, correspondence and collected items are also included.

NICHOLAS HOOD. PAPERS, ca. 1941-1981. 7.0 linear feet and 1 OS item
The Reverend Nicholas Hood was pastor at Dixwell Congregational Church in New Haven before moving to Central Congregational Church in New Orleans. While in New Orleans (1949-1958), he was one of the founders of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Locally, he was an active member of the NAACP and led voter registration efforts. He organized a community near the church into the Conti Area Improvement Association, which was able to bring the city government to improve streets, sewerage, and lighting and to enforce its building and sanitation codes, forcing landlords to make significant improvements in housing. Central Church built a neighborhood playground and provided a program of supervised activities for all children in the area. During this time, also, the church building was renovated and Hume Child Development Center, a project of the church since 1907, was moved onto church property and its activities expanded. On his arrival at Detroit's Plymouth United Church of Christ, in 1958, Dr. Hood discovered that it was located in the heart of an urban renewal area, with the church edifice and the surrounding buildings slated for removal. Convinced that "persons in urban redevelopment areas tend to move into the next area of redevelopment and the next area; and each time such persons move they carry their low socio-cultural values with them," the pastor and Plymouth Church set about to change this pattern.

SAMUEL CLARENCE KINCHELOE, 1890-1981. PAPERS, ca. 1916-1978 36.4 linear feet, 1 OS item
Samuel C. Kincheloe was born in Georgetown, Ohio. He received a bachelor's degree from Drake University and a master's degree and Ph.D. from the University of Chicago. He was ordained as a Congregational minister in 1916. From 1917 to 1918, he served as pastor of the Christian Church in Lake City, Iowa. He was a pioneer in the application of the scientific method to the study of religious institutions and programs and taught sociology at the University of Chicago (assistant professor, 1921-1923, and professor, Federated Theological Faculty), George Williams College (head of the theology department, 1923-1928), and the Chicago Theological Seminary (research associate and lecturer, 1928-1931; assistant professor, 1931-1939; and professor, 1939-1956). He served as the director of research and survey for both the Chicago Congregational Union (1928-1944) and the Church Federation of Greater Chicago (1944-1949). After serving for many years on the board of trustees of LeMoyne and Tougaloo colleges, he became president of Tougaloo in 1956. After his retirement from Tougaloo in 1960, he went to the Interdenominational Theological Center in Atlanta as professor of sociology of religion, from which position he retired in 1964. He wrote two books, Religion in the Depression (1937) and The American City and Its Church (1938), and numerous articles. Dr. Kincheloe was a recipient of the citation for Distinguished Service of the Congregational Christian Church Board for Home Missions (1949). The papers contain correspondence, notes, writing, financial records, and collected publications.

ALFRED LAWLESS, JR., 1872 - 1933. PAPERS, ca. 1920s-1970s and n.d. 2 folders
Alfred Lawless was born in Thibodaux, Louisiana. He was awarded a Bachelor of Arts in 1902, and a Bachelor of Divinity in 1903 from the A.M.A.'s Straight University in New Orleans. He held pastorates at Beecher Memorial Congregational Church in New Orleans (1904-1910) and Straight University (1910-1914). He served as Statistical Secretary and Registrar of the Louisiana Congregational Conference, and Superintendent of Negro Church Work among Negro Congregational Churches for the South from 1919 to 1927. He led in the founding of the Beecher Memorial Congregational Church, the Kings Mountain Conference of Church workers, the Galangue Mission in Angola, West Africa, the New Orleans YMCA, the 7th Ward Education League and Valena C. Jones School in New Orleans. The collection includes an unpublished biography of Alfred Lawless, by his son, Oscar G. Lawless. More information on Lawless may be found in the records of Beecher Memorial Church. There are 14 letters in the Henry Hugh and Adeline L. Davis Papers.

HOMER C. MCEWEN, 1913-1985. PAPERS, ca. 1938-1985. 12.0 linear feet
McEwen was a Congregational minister who graduated from Straight University of the A.M.A. and Chicago Theological Seminary. He was a member of the Board of Trustees of Dillard University and pastored First Congregational Church in Atlanta from 1946 until his death in 1986. His widow donated the papers to the Center. They include correspondence, clippings, reports, programs, invitations, and other printed items.

HENRY HUGH (1868-1933) AND ADELINE L. PROCTOR (1870-1945), PAPERS, 1881-1971 and n.d. 3.2 linear feet and 1 OS box
The Reverend Henry Hugh Proctor and his wife Adeline Davis were the children of slaves and met while they were students at Fisk University. From 1895 to 1920, Dr. Proctor pastored the First Congregational Church in Atlanta, Georgia, which under his direction pioneered in developing institutional features for social service. Besides a gymnasium, playgrounds, and clubrooms, the church maintained a dormitory for housing working girls and the only public library for Negroes then in Atlanta. He conceived and developed the Colored Music Festival of Georgia, which for years was the leading agency for bringing concerts and other musical events to African Americans of Atlanta. He also served in Atlanta as president of Carrie Steele Orphanage. He received national attention for his speaking to African American troops. In 1920, he went to pastor the Nazarene Congregational Church in Brooklyn, New York, where he became a religious leader in that city. Dr. Proctor served two successive terms as vice-president of the religious and lay journals and wrote two books, Between Black and White and Sermons in Melody. The papers contain personal and business correspondence, accounts, lists, minutes, news releases, notebooks, pamphlets, photographs, programs, reports, scrapbooks, sermons and other memorabilia.

FREDERICK THEODORE (1923-) AND WININFRED SCHUMACHER (1920-). PAPERS, 1964-1984. 1.0 linear foot
The Reverend Federick T. Schumacher was ordained as an Evangelical and Reformed minister in 1950. Before becoming pastor of St. Matthew Evangelical and Reformed, now U.C.C., in New Orleans, he served churches in Ohio. He retired from his pastorate in 1986 in order to go to work at the denomination's Back Bay Mission in Mississippi. His wife has been an active partner in his ministry. The papers are principally collected items about civil rights and race relations activities in Ohio and Louisiana in which the Schumachers have taken part, including the Freedom Schools in Cleveland (1962), black history courses at Oberlin College (1968), the Oberlin Community Action Training Group, the Oberlin Human Relations Commission, and the Social Concerns Committee of the New Orleans Association of the United Church of Christ (1981-82), and include correspondence, reports, and minutes. In addition, there are items about St. Matthew. Future additions to this continuing collection will incorporate materials about the Back Bay Mission.

KENNETH BYRON SMITH. PAPERS, 1979-1981. 1.6 linear feet
The Reverend Kenneth B. Smith was born in Montclair, New Jersey. He received a B.A. from Virginia Union University (1953), a B.D. from Bethany Theological Seminary (1960), and the D.D. from Elmhurst College (1971). He has served as associate minister of Park Manor Congregational Church (1957-1961), minister of Trinity U.C.C. (1961-1966), minister for urban affairs of the Chicago Community Renewal Society (1966-1968), and senior minister of the Church of the Good Shepherd, U.C.C., in Chicago (1968-1985). From 1967 to 1973, he was on the national executive council of the U.C.C., serving as its chairperson from 1971. From 1979 to 1985, he was president of the Chicago Board of Education. He was president of the Chicago Theological Seminary until his death. The bulk of this collection is his correspondence, especially as it relates to Chicago public schools and the Chicago Theological Seminary. Non-correspondence includes agendas, minutes, reports, and collected printed items.

MACK JUSTIN SPEARS. PAPERS, ca. 1920-1986. 2.6 linear feet and 1 OS
Mack Spears was born the son of a sharecropper in rural Wilson, Louisiana. He moved to New Orleans as a child because of educational advantages. He received a Bachelor's Degree from Dillard University, a Master's Degree from Xavier University and a Doctorate in Educational Administration from Harvard University. He served as Dean of Students at the A.M.A.'s Dillard University and was elected the first African American President of the Orleans Parish School Board. He served on the Trustee Board and was President of the Central Congregational United Church of Christ.

The collection includes teaching materials, correspondence, biographical materials, clippings, reports, speeches and numerous awards, certificates and proclamations.

ALFRED KNIGHTON STANLEY. Papers, ca. 1952-1982. 5.6 linear feet
The Reverend Dr. Alfred Knighton Stanley was born in Greensboro, North Carolina, the son of J. Taylor and Kathryn Turrentine Stanley. He holds degrees from Talladega College, Yale and Harvard universities. He was ordained as a United Church of Christ Minister in 1962. He has been director of the United Southern Christian Fellowship Foundation at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical University (1962-1964), director of religious life and assistant professor of religion and ethics at Bennett College (1962-1966), and associate minister for administration and pastoral concerns at Plymouth Congregational Church, Detroit, (1964-1966). Since 1968, the Reverend Dr. Stanley has been senior minister at Peoples Congregational Church, Washington, D.C. At the same time, since 1971, he also has served as adjunct professor in the Howard University School of Religion and is a frequent lecturer on other college campuses. From 1974 to 1976, he was special assistant to the mayor, director of the D.C. Office of Bicentennial Commission. He has served as chairperson of the Council for Ethnic and Racial Minorities of the U.C.C., president of the United Church of Christ Ministers for Racial and Social Justice, and in many other capacities in church, government, and civic groups. About one fifth of this continuing collection is correspondence. Non-correspondence consists of biographical data, writings, minutes, church bulletins, press clippings, and other collected items.

J. TAYLOR AND KATHRYN TURRENTINE STANLEY. PAPERS, ca. 1925-1984. 14.4 linear feet, 1 OS box, and 3 OS items
The Reverend J. Taylor Stanley was born in Centreville, Alabama. He attended three schools of the A.M.A.: Lincoln Normal School, Talladega College, and Fisk University. He graduated from Howard University School of Religion, also supported by the Association. He was ordained as a Congregational minister in 1925. He and Kathryn Turrentine were married in 1927. A former teacher at the A.M.A.'s Gloucester Academy at Cappahosic, Virginia, Kathryn Turrentine was at the time of their marriage serving as the first woman commissioned by the Congregational Board of Home Missions as a Christian education extension worker among black churches. Her parish extended across the entire southeast. J. Taylor Stanley pastored Congregational churches in Nashville, Tennessee (1924-1929), Wilmington, North Carolina (1929-1931), and Dudley, North Carolina (1931-1942). Subsequently, he served as superintendent of the Southeastern Region of Congregational Christian Churches, which included the denomination's 235 Southern black churches from Virginia to Texas and Oklahoma. In 1950, he helped to found and became the first conference minister of the Convention of the South, which aimed at throwing off missionary reins and establishing black churches in an independent and self-governing conference within the merger of the Congregational Christian and Evangelical and Reformed churches. Retiring from the Convention in 1965, Dr. Stanley served under the A.M.A. as director of Dorchester Center, McIntosh, Georgia, and then of Franklinton Center, Bricks, North Carolina. He wrote the book A History of Black Congregational Christian Churches (Pilgrim Press, 1978) as well as poems and articles. About twenty percent of the papers is correspondence. The non-correspondence includes minutes, ledgers, financial records, studies, church bulletins, and other collected items that enable scholars to understand the bulletins and other collected items that help following the evolution of policy in the United Church of Christ and its predecessors toward the South in general and blacks in particular.

REUBEN SHEARES. PAPERS, 1989-1992. 1.0 linear feet
The collection includes 123 audiotaped sermons of the late Rev. Dr. Reuben A. Sheares, recorded at the Congregational Church of Park Manor in Chicago, Illinois.






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