Nugent, Grace Marr (1919-1969) | Amistad Research Center
Grace Elizabeth Marr Nugent, the first African American nurse to hold the positions of instructor at Teachers College, Columbia, and senior supervisor of nursing education in the New York State Department of Education, was the younger sister of Warren Q. Marr II.
Daughter of Rev. Warren Q. Marr, Sr. and Cecelia A. Marr (nee McGee), Grace was born on January 25, 1919, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. She received her early education at Peabody High School in Pittsburgh. After obtaining her nursing diploma (1941) from Harlem Hospital School of Nursing, she stayed at the school and taught chemistry (1941-1944) eventually serving as director of education (1949-1951).
Grace was hired to teach microbiology at the Teachers College of Columbia University in New York (1944-1949), where she received both her bachelor of science (1945) and master's degrees (1948). She was the first African American to hold a position on Columbia's staff. In 1951, she achieved another first for African Americans when she became supervisor of nursing education for the New York State Department of Education, a position she held for two years.
In 1953, when the National Association for the Advancement of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN), of which she had been a longtime member, merged with the American Nurses Association (ANA), she became assistant executive secretary (1953-1959) of the combined organization working in the Intergroup Relations Unit. Her responsibility was to travel the country in order to monitor and enforce the group’s race relations program. Upon leaving her position at the ANA, Grace devoted the rest of her life to "Operation Democracy," a self-help concept she developed to help attain "universal acceptance and understanding of people of all races and cultures." Operation Democracy was co-sponsored by the Interdenominational Ministers of Brooklyn and Long Island.
Grace was a lifetime member of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, the American Nurses' Association, the National League for Nursing, the American Academy of Political Science, the Commission on Community Organizations, the National Conference of Christians and Jews, the Commission Committee on Problems Arising from Integration, the Committee on Human Relations, the National Council of Negro Women, and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. She married Richard Bruce Nugent (1952-1969), a Harlem Renaissance writer of fiction and poetry.
Grace Marr Nugent died on December 4, 1969.