By Christopher Harter
Title: New Orleans school integration photographs, 1960-1961
Extent: 9.0 Items
Arrangement: Photographs are arranged chronologically.
Date Acquired: 04/30/1994
Scope and Contents of the Materials
The collection contains nine photographs that document the integration of the public school system in New Orleans in November 1960. Individuals or scenes depicted include Ruby Bridges entering William Frantz Elementary School; Tessie Prevost entering McDonogh No. 19 Elementary School; Louisiana State Representative John Garrett; Federal judges Herbert Christenberry, J. Skelly Wright, and John Minor Wisdom; and protests against the integration of William Frantz and McDonogh No. 19.
This collection is open for research.
Copyright to these papers has not been assigned to the Amistad Research Center. It is the responsibility of an author to secure permission for publication from the holder of the copyright to any material contained in this collection. Permissions must be secured with World Wide Photos.
Frederick J. Stielow
Photographs document the events surrounding the integration of the public schools in New Orleans in November 1960.
Collections held by the Amistad Research Center that document the desegregation of the New Orleans Public Schools include: the Daniel Byrd papers, the Catholic Council on Human Relations records, the Community Relations Council of Greater New Orleans records, the Rosa Freeman Keller papers, the Janet T. Lemann papers, the Natalie Midlo papers, the Kim Lacy Robers and Glenda Stevens oral history collection, the A. M. Trudeau, Jr. papers, the Save Our Schools records, and the Alan Wieder collection.
Baker, Liva. The Second Battle of New Orleans: The Hundred-Year Struggle to Integrate the Schools (New York: HarperCollinsPublishers, 1996).
New Orleans school integration photographs, Amistad Research Center at Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana
Finding Aid Revision History:
Formerly cited as the New Orleans Riots collection.
Box and Folder Listing Browse by Item:
[Item 1: Strike Down Louisiana's School Closing Law, 1960 August 30
[Item 2: New Orleans School Integrated, 1960 November 14
[Item 3: Suggests Federal Judge be Arrested, 1960 November 14
[Item 4: Teen-agers March in Integration Protest, 1960 November 16
[Item 5: Crowd Stopped Near School Board Office, 1960 November 16
[Item 6: Negro Girl Enters Integrated School, 1960 November 28
[Item 7: Impeachment Petition Signed, 1960 November 30
[Item 8: Violent Protestor, 1960 December 10
[Item 9: School Integration Protest Hits Store, 1961 January 31
- Item 1: Strike Down Louisiana's School Closing Law, 1960 August 30
- Caption reads: A three-judge federal court today struck down Louisiana's school closing law, which permitted school districts to vote in favor of abandonment of public schools faced with desegregation orders. They ruled the "local option" law violated the equal protectin clause of the 14th Amendment on two counts. From left the judges are Herbert Christenberr and J. Skelly Wright, both federal district judges and John Minor Wisdom of the U.S. Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals.
- Item 2: New Orleans School Integrated, 1960 November 14
- Caption reads: An unidentified Negro girl escorted by two U.S. Marshals, enters McDonogh 16 [sic] public school in New Orleans Monday integrating school in defiance of legislature on federal court order. Unidentified man behind girl is presumably her father. City police officer in foreground is one of many guarding school this morning. Two Negro girls, both first grade students, entered this school today.
- Item 3: Suggests Federal Judge be Arrested, 1960 November 14
- Caption reads: Louisiana State Representative John Garrett, chairman of a joint legislature committee on segregation waves his finger as he addresses members of the House Monday. Garrett suggested that Federal Judge Skelly Wright "ought to be arrested before sundown." Wright ordered New Orleans schools integrated Monday morning.
- Item 4: Teen-agers March in Integration Protest, 1960 November 16
- Caption reads: A jeering, cheering crowd of teen-agers march today on the New Orleans city hall in protest of integration of the city's schools.
- Item 5: Crowd Stopped Near School Board Office, 1960 November 16
- Caption reads: Police on three-wheel cycles drive an angry crowd back near the offices of the New Orleans school board today. The crowds were marching on the school board offices to protest integration of schools.
- Item 6: Negro Girl Enters Integrated School, 1960 November 28
- Caption reads: Under escort of Deputy U.S. Marshals, a Negro girl enters William Frantz school in New Orleans today to resume class after a week's vacation. Only seven white children reportedly attended the school today. A virtual boycott has existed since integration two weeks ago. Many white children this morning began school in an adjoining parish (county).
- Item 7: Impeachment Petition Signed, 1960 November 30
- Caption reads: A man is shown signing a petition at the parish courthouse square in Shreveport, La. asking for the impeachment of Federal Judge J. Skelly Wright for ordering the integration of New Orleans Schools. J. Leon Williams, chairman of the education committee for the National Organization for Whites, is working in the booth. He estimates that 5,000 signatures have been obtained in Shreveport.
- Item 8: Violent Protestor, 1960 December 10
- Caption reads: This angry woman outside the William Frantz Elementary School in New Orleans, La., lashes out at the nearest target in her anger over the integration problem. Sydney Goldfinch, Tulane University student, is on the receiving end of the boot. Goldfinch is awaiting trial for a sit-in demonstration.
- Item 9: School Integration Protest Hits Store, 1961 January 31
- Caption reads: Women protest break in white boycott of McDonogh 19 school by carrying signs in front of a store owned by the chain (Walgreen's) which employs John Thompson whose two sons broke the once complete boycott. The store, about two miles from the school, is in adjoining St. Bernard Parish (county).