African American history
African Americans - Education
Chavez, Cesar, 1927-1993
Coal miners - United States - 20th century
Highlander Folk School (Monteagle, Tenn.)
Hispanic Americans - Education
Labor leaders - United States
Loggers - United States
Medical care - Puerto Rico
Migrant labor - United States - 20th century
Minorities - Education - United States
Native Americans - Education
Puerto Rico - History
Ryder Memorial Hospital (Humacao, PR)
United States - Race relations
The 1969 addendum and later addenda to the American Missionary Association archives are mostly twentieth century in scope, covering two main subject areas. The first is the association's numerous schools. These are considered "field" records, or, the fruits of the Association's missionary work outside of its New York City office. The Addendum is divided into three series: Series 1 covers field-related work, mainly the AMA schools; Series 2 covers projects that were run directly form the New York City headquarters, as well as documents both generated and collected by that office; Series 3 is oversized, bound financial ledgers from the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
The Series 1 field records were arranged alphabetically by state and then by location. The schools with records of considerable volume begin this series, occupying 201 boxes, or approximately 67 linear feet of shelf space. They are followed by a group of "small field records," also arranged alphabetically by state occupying 17 boxes or approximately 6 linear feet of shelf space. These records of field missions in the United States are then followed by records of the AMA's work in Puerto Rico, most of which focus on Ryder Hospital, in Humacau. These manuscripts occupy 19 boxes, or approximately 6 feet of shelf space. The total number of containers for Series 1 comes to 237, covering 79 linear feet. The records for each field location in Series 1 are described by specific scope notes and shelf lists.
Clearly, not all of the Association's five hundred schools are documented within the Addendum. The records retained are not the ones maintained by the schools in the field, but rather the files maintained by the New York office of the AMA. Typical records for each field school include correspondence, minutes, financial records, AMA publications about the given location, and photographs. Other records, which vary from school to school, include the school's own administrative materials, such as employment applications and appointment contracts; student academic records, publications, and papers; manuscript histories of certain schools; and architectural blueprints.
The Series 2 records document the administrative actions of the AMA and the later United Church Board for Homeland Ministries and cover 92 linear feet of shelf space, or 230 boxes. Most of this series is devoted to materials generated or collected by the General Secretary of the AMA, occupying 151 boxes, or, 60.4 linear feet of shelf space. However, the rest of Series 2 is devoted to various portfolio endeavors of the General Secretary, work that was assigned to specific agents on a topic-by-topic basis.
The General Secretary material itself fills 151 boxes, covering 60.4 linear feet of shelf space. These documents include collected items from a wide range of religious and secular groups. The largest such portfolio of topically assigned administrative work in Series 2 is the material documenting the AMA's work with Native Americans. This work was directly overseen by the General Secretary and is therefore included in Series 2. These records cover 26 boxes, or 10.0 linear feet of shelf space.
The second largest such portfolio of topically assigned administrative work in Series 2 is the Race Relations Department of the AMA, which had Drs. Charles Spurgeon Johnson and Herman H. Long as its directors. These records cover 20 boxes, or 8.0 linear feet of shelf space. Although the Department was mainly at Fisk University, in Nashville, Tennessee, it was still considered by the General Secretary as an extension of its New York office, so it is included in Series 2. The remaining portfolios, managed by John Moyer, under assignment of the General Secretary, include Coal Miners, Southern Woodcutters, Ministries in the Arts, Highlander Center, and Mexican Americans; these total 4 boxes, or 1.6 linear feet of shelf space.
The Series 3 records occupy twenty-seven oversized boxes, or a total of 28.0 linear feet of shelf space. These records contain financial ledgers and cancelled checks of the AMA, 1859-1937.
Documents and Files:
American Missionary Association and the Promise of a Multicultural America, The
Series 1: Field Records
Series 2: General Secretary Administrative Files
Series 3: Oversize Material